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Channel: Before The 'D'...Association Football around the world, 1863-1937.
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Club des Joyeusetés d'Oran

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1927

1934

The football section of Club des Joyeusetés d'Oran was founded in 1897. The club was originally for Europeans.
In the colonial era Fédération française de football administered the local league and cup competitions (Ligue d'Oranie de Football Association and Coupe d'Oranie).
There were inter colonial tournaments also; Championnat d'Afrique du Nord de football  (Coupe Steeg) and La Coupe d'Afrique du nord.
CDJ enjoyed considerable success in these tournaments in the pre- 1937 era:


Championnat d'Oranie

1913-14, 1927-28, 1929-30, 1930-31, 1933-34, 1936-37

Coupe d'Oranie

1926-27, 1927-28, 1928-29

Championnat d'Afrique du Nord

1931

Coupe d'Afrique du Nord

1931, 1933, 1934, 1935.





Ostend 1907

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A 2 day festival of football took place at the Wellington Hippodrome, Ostend on 19th &20th May 1907.  On the 19th 2 Southern league teams,  champions Fulham and Tottenham Hotspur , who had finished the season in 6th, faced Belgian opposition.  
Union Saint Gilloise were the Belgian champions.

19.05.07

Union Saint Gilloise

1

8

Tottenham Hotspur

Combined Belgium

1

10

Fulham


20.05.07

Tottenham Hotspur

2

1

Fulham


Tottenham's scorers in the win over Union were Leipzig born Max Seeburg (3),England legend Vivian Woodward (2), George Payne (2) and Alf Whyman.
Whyman and full back Walter Bull scored against Fulham.
The attendance for the Tottenham Fulham game was approximately 1,500.
Fulham joined the Football League for the 1907-08 season, becoming the 4th London club.


Southampton and England

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When international football came to Southampton in 1901 the selectors included 3 Saints players in the line up:

Jack Robinson - goalkeeper
Willy Meisl remembered Robinson as being the man who revolutionized goalkeeping in the eyes of Austrian spectators, being the first they had seen to dive to make saves. Robinson played 11 internationals (conceding 11 goals and keeping 5 clean sheets). 

C.B Fry- right back
The legendary all round sportsman joined Southern League Southampton with the express ambition of gaining international honours. He played 25 Southern League and FA Cup matches for The Saints from 1900- 1902. In the old amateur tradition he played when free of other commitments. He was also a member of Corinthian FC and some records overlook his affiliation with Southampton. This was his only international appearance. 

Arthur 'Archie' Turner- outside right 
In this his second and final international appearance Turner went off in the 20th minute with concussion following a heavy challenge from Peter Boyle
He joined Southampton  in  1899, scoring 23 goals in 65 Southern League appearances. he later played for  Derby County , Newcastle United and Tottenham Hotspur.



The physique of the operative classes...

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Blackburn Rovers 1891: Back: Tom Brandon, Rowland Pennington, John Barton, Jack Southworth, George Dewar, Jimmy Forrest; Front:Joe Lofthouse, Nat Walton, John Forbes, Coombe Hall, Billy Townley.

In the 1870s and early 1880s bulk and muscle had remained a considerable factor when appraising the qualities of football XIs. Accounts of the first international draw attention to the size advantage that England enjoyed, and the early 'inter class' matches such as Darwen v Old Etonians also drew attention to the physical superiority of the more privileged classes. 
Until the introduction of professionalism (legally 1885 but in real terms c. 1879) working class players would have been seen as being at a disadvantage due to both long term ( the effects of poor diet and sanitation) and more immediate (50 hour working weeks) factors.
The advent of professionalism led to sinecure jobs and the evolution of training and physical preparation., 
The following , taken from Hansard, are the words of  William Coddington MP , debating the 
Factories and  Workshops Bill (18.06.91). Mr Coddington was Member of Parliament for Blackburn from 1880-1906. 

Before the Committee, in support of the statement that the physique of the operative classes was not to be despised, I quoted the fact that a celebrated Lancashire Football Club, the Blackburn Rovers, had won the Association Cup five times, and another Blackburn Club had won it once. I understand that the Member for Poplar, in the early part of this Debate, referred to what I had said on that point, and I believe he quoted from this very paper certain figures respecting the players. I have reason to know that those figures are inaccurate. To show that I was right in my assertion I may say that the Rovers team in 1884 contained three operatives and four sons of operatives; in 1885 it contained two operatives and four sons of operatives; in 1886 two operatives and one son of an operative; in 1890 two operatives and one son of an operative. It is quite clear that the number of operatives in that celebrated team are not so many now as they were several years ago, but that is due to the fact that football has become much more a professional game than it was a few years ago. It is a great misfortune for the town in which I live and for all the other towns which try to emulate each other in this noble game. A very fair proportion of the players in the old times, however, were operatives. The Blackburn Olympic team when it won the Association Cup in 1883 contained five operatives and one son of an operative. These facts prove, at all events, that the physique of the operative classes is not so bad as represented by some people.

Interestingly, even when professionalism had been legal for 6 years, here is how the Blackburn Players of 1891 described themselves in that year's census:

Player

Occupation

Rowland Pennington

Professional footballer

Tom Brandon

Joiner

John Barton

Turner and fitter

Jack Southworth

Musician

Geordie Dewar

Publican

Jimmy Forrest

Innkeeper

Joe Lofthouse

Licensed Victualler

Nat Walton

Coachbuilder

John Forbes

Hosier

Coombe Hall

Professional footballer

Billy Townley

Assistant schoolmaster

Arsenal's first FA Cup match

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File:Flickr - davehighbury - Woolwich Arsenal FC 1889-90 London 016.jpg



Arsenal's first FA Cup match was played at The Manor Ground, Plumstead on 05.10.1889.
The club were at this time still known as Royal Arsenal.

The opponents wre Lyndhurst, who played at Denmark Hill (Surrey). Lyndhurst were members of the Surrey FA and featured in the semi finals of the 1888-89 Surrey Cup.They also comperted in the London Senior Cup. (There is a town in the New Forest called Lyndhurst but the two are not connected). 

GK

Fred Beardsley

England


A Nottingham Forest player who moved to London to work at the Arsenal (munitions factory). He played in Arsenal’s first ever match and was responsible for the use of the red kit, a set of hand me downs from Forest.


FB

Peter Connolly

Scotland


An early star of the side. He died of TB aged 28.


FB

‘Jack’ or ‘Jamie’ McBean

Scotland

HB

Morris Bates

England


A relocated team mate of Beardsley’s at Nottingham Forest. Known as Iron head- he was an early practitioner of the booming headed clearance.


HB

David Howat

England


Played 300 games for the club and was in the first league match.


HB

Bill Julian *

England


Julian, who later played for Tottenham Hotspur enjoyed a long career as a coach in The Netherlands.


F

William Scott

Scotland


Previously played for Forfar Athletic.


F

Richard Horsington

England


Another import from Swindon Town.


F

Humphrey Barbour

Scotland


Played for Third Lanark.


F

Hope Robertson

Scotland

F

Jimmy Meggs

?



*Some sources have Harry Offer in place of Bill Julian- Offer (England) had previously played for Swindon Town and went on to join Southampton St Mary’s.





Arsenal ran out winners by 11-0. The scorers were Barbour (3), Scott (3), Meggs (2), Robertson (2) and Horsington.
In the 2nd Qualifying round Arsenal drew 2-2 (away) with Norwich's Thorpe FC before progressing to the next round via a walkover. 
FA  Founder members Crusaders were beaten 5-2 (aet) at Plumstead.
The cup run came to an end on 07.12.89 when Arsenal went down 5-1 at home against The Swifts (Slough). Swifts had reached the FA Cup semi finals 3 times in their history, but dissapeared in a merger in 1890. 


7 days hard labour

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Windsor and Eton Express - 12.12.68

Association de la Jeunesse Auxerroise

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 Association de la Jeunesse Auxerroise was founded in 1905 under the guidance of L'abbé Ernest Deschamps of  the Cathedral Saint-Étienne d'Auxerre. the club joined Fédération gymnastique et sportive des patronages de France (FGSPF) in 1906. They won the FGSPF champuonship of  Burgundy each season from 1906-1914.

Alcántara- goals, season by season

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Season

Campionat

de Catalunya


Copa dels

Pirineus

Campionat d'Espanya

Friendlies

Total

1911-12

3




3

1912-13

2

2


16

23

1913-14

1

1


21 [1]

46

1914-15

3



21[2]

70

1915-16

20


4

9

103

1916-17

Philippines

1917-18




5

108

1918-19

12


5

24

149

1919-20

15


3

29

196

1920-21

7



13

216

1921-22

19


8

18

261

1922-23

7



29

297

1923-24

4


9

26[3]

336

1924-25




5

341

1925-26

4


3

5

353

1926-27

1


3

4

361


98

3

35

225






[1] 4 in Copa Gamper

[2] 1 in Copa Barcelona

[3]3 in Copa Palau de la Moda


Paulino Alcántara scored 3 goals on his debut for Barcelona on 25.02.12. He was 15 years, 4 months and 18 days old, the youngest player to represent Barca.

There are a number of games in which he played for which the scorers are not recorded. 


El Gran Capitán

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When, in the early 1930s, Club Atlético San Lorenzo de Almagro of Argentina offered the Paraguayan captain Aurelio González a lucrative deal he declined. Instead, he took a break from football in order to fight for his country in The Chaco War (against Bolivia). 
In the preceding years González had won 3 consecutive championships with Club Olimpia (1927, 1928 &1929). 
He led Paraguay in the 1929 South American Championship of Nations, where he was the tournament top scorer with 5 goals (2 vs Uruguay and 3 vs Peru).
González also played in both of Paraguay's matches at the 1930 World Cup.
In later life he coached Club Olimpia and the Paraguay national team. 

Boy's Own

Spezi

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Schaffer Alfréd, (aka Alfred Schaffer) played for 21 different clubs in a 15 year career. He played top level football in Hungary, Germany, Switzerland, Czechoslovakia, Austria and the United States, and won league championships in 3 different countries (Hunagary, Germany and Austria). 
Spezi represented Hungary 15 times, scoring 17 goals.
He had 2 remarkable seasons with MTK (Magyar Testgyakorlók Köre Budapest Futball Club).
1917-18: 22 matches 46 goals.
1918-19: 19 matches 41 goals.
A feat made even more extraordinary when you consider that he had Imre Schlosser (the most prolific scorer in the history of Hungarian football ) alongside him. 
In the 1914-19 period he played 89 league games for MTK, scoring 154 goals!
He went on to enjoy a lengthy career as a manager in Germany, Austria,  Hungary, Romania and Italy. 

F. Boyington's Football Boots Are Unequalled

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Nottingham Evening Post 28.09.80

Frederick Boyington played cricket and football for a club in Nottingham called Castle Gate. He relocated to London in the mid 1880s, and although the 1891 census records his occupation as Cricket and Football Guard Maker he was, for 40 years, the scorer for Surrey County Cricket Club.
S.W Widdowson's contribution to the history of the game has already been covered here.

Råsunda, 1937

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Right at the end of the pre D era England undertook a 3 match tour, playing Norway, Sweden and Finland. England, wearing numbered jerseys for the first time, racked up 18 unanswered goals. Purists and nostalgists note that England lined up by squad number rather than 1-11!







The postcard above shows the Sweden team. The Sweden - England  match marked the inauguration of the Råsunda stadium at Solna, although AIK had beaten Malmö FF 4-0 there on April 18th. 

England won 4-0 with goals from Freddie Steele (3) and Joe Johnson.


GK

Gustav Sjöberg 

A.I.K. Solna

RB

Nils Axelsson 

Hälsingborgs I.F

LB

Walter Sköld 

A.I.K. Solna

RH

Fritz Berg    

I.F.K. Göteborg

CH

Sven Andersson   ©
A.I.K. Solna

LH

Ernst Andersson 

I.F.K. Göteborg

OR

Gustaf Josefsson 

A.I.K. Solna

IR

Erik Persson 

A.I.K. Solna

CF

Sven Jonasson 

I.F. Elfsborg

IL

Karl-Erik Grahn 

I.F. Elfsborg

OL

Axel Nilsson 

A.I.K. Solna



Wie der Fußball nach Deutschland kam

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ein großer Spaß!

The pre-history of Association football in Germany is very complex. The picture is complicated by 2 factors. Firstly the misleading formation dates of clubs which, though now practitioners of Association football, were in existence for decades before they took to the sport. Secondly the persistence of Rugby and other hybrid forms of  rules.
Even the followers of Konrad Koch did not abandon handling and carrying the ball until the 1880s.
There was also a certain ideological opposition to football as being a very un Germanic pastime. Gymnastics and fencing were the focus of most organized sports clubs. 

Dresden Football Club, March 1874. Note the Stars and Stripes.

Dresden  Football Club (often referred to as Dresden English Football Club) consisting of British and American expats, were playing a form of football in 1874. The contemporary press reports refer to the ball being 'propelled forwards by the foot' and, given the novelty of the spectacle, one would assume that if anything akin to Rugby had been played, the reporter would have mentioned the chaos and hurly burly of that game . The games appear to have been played amongst club members in the city's Große Garten.
The first competitive game featuring Dresden Football Club against another club  was not until 1891, when English F.C. (Berlin) were the opponents. 
By this time the first competitive inter club Association football match in Germany had been played:  In 1888  Heidelberg College beat English Football Club Freiburg 2-1. The Freiburg team originated in an English style military academy in the town. 
Another cradle of German football was Braunschweig. It was here that August Hermann and Konrad Koch promoted ballgames in an echo of English muscular christianity. They appear to have had strong Rugby inclinations. Here is a link to an interesting history of the development of German football from the Braunschweig. The text is in German:   



historicalkits.co.uk

Balls

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31st May 1934, Stadio Littoriale, Bologna. Before the Hungary v Austria match, the process of selecting the match ball. I believe the picture shows Sternberg László (holding the balls) and  Hans Horvath (pointing). Referee Francesco Mattea (Italy) behind Horvath and possibly  Hungary coach Nádas Ödön on the left.
We have seen that in 1930 there was controversy over which ball was used in the final. In Italy 1934 there were 3 different models of ball in use, and the teams would decide which one to use before each game. 

Bohemian Corinthians in Russia 1910

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In 1910 a Bohemian representative side drawn from 4 clubs visited St Petersburg, Moscow and then London.  This was during a period when Bohemia (or the Czechs) were without representation in the international arena. Of the tourists Richard Veselý had represented Bohemia whilst they were recognized by FIFA (1906-08).  Inspired, no doubt, by the visits of Corinthian FC to Prague during the 1900s the team styled themselves Corinthians. When they played in London, the tourists were billed as Bohemia 
The squad was as follows- some of the players first names are not recorded.
Jan Hejda

Slavia

Schtrempel

Pardubice

Richard Veselý

Slavia

Čech

Slavia

Vopálecký

Slavia

Karel Bukovský

Slavia

Franya

Union Žižkov

Kovarchik

Union Žižkov

Josef Beneš

Novoměstský

Ladislav Medek

Slavia

Vykhanovský

Union Žižkov

Zdeněk Jahn

Slavia


15.10.10

St.Petersburg B

0

15

Corinthians

St. Petersburg


Sport SK ground
16.10.10

St. Petersburg

5

4

Corinthians

18.10.10

Sport (спорт)

0

6

Corinthians

21.10.10

SKS (CKC)

1

5

Corinthians

Moscow


SKS ground
23.10.10

Moscow

1

0

Corinthians

28.10.10

AFA XI

2

1

Bohemia

London 

all dates New Style. 

Ladislav Medek is reported to have scored 14 goals in the opening match.

The Moscow team that inflicted a 1-0 defeat on the tourists was made up of 9 Britons and 2 Russians. The Russian press at the time referred to the match as an 'international'. The game attracted 3,000 spectators, and was played on a hard, frozen pitch.  Medek dislocated his shoulder.  Newman headed the Moscow goal in the 70th minute. 

Moscow XI

Whilst hailing the win as a triumph for football in Russia, contemporary reports  conceded that result flattered the victors, and that the Czechs had been over confident in their approach to the game.

England 1904

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The England squad in Glasgow ahead of their 1904 meeting with Scotland. The startched collars and watch chains speak of affluence. Woodward (an architect) and Harris (son of a senior Civil Servant and studying at Cambridge University) were amateurs. The remainder were the noveau riche on £4 a week.
The players pictured are, from left to right:

1

Steve Bloomer – inside right

Derby County

2

John Rutherford-outside right

Newcastle United

3

Bernard Wilkinson- centre half

Sheffield United

4

Alec Leake – left half

Aston Villa

5

Alf Common – forward (reserve)

Sheffield United

6

Fred Blackburn -outside left

Blackburn Rovers

7

Abraham Jones- centre half (reserve)

Middlesbrough

8

Tom Baddeley – goalkeeper

Wolverhampton Wanderers

9

Vivian Woodward- centre forward

Tottenham Hotspur

10

Herbert Burgess -left back

Manchester City

11

Sam Wolstenholme – right half

Everton

12

Bob Crompton – right back (captain)

Blackburn Rovers

13

Stanley Harris -inside left

Old Westminsters


England, who won that year's British Home Championship, were 1-0 winners  thanks to a 64th minute goal from Bloomer. 



Der Papierene

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In December 1932 Hugo Meisl's Austrian Wunderteam took on England at Stamford Bridge.
Here we see the great centre forward, Matthias Sindelar, in training in preparation for the game.
The game could be seen as the first of many wake up calls that England has recieved from continental sides down the years. 
English team lucky to win, was the Manchester Guardian's verdict; There could not be the slightest doubt that as a team (Austria) were the superiors.
 According to The Times  It was victory and no more... And it was by no means easily earned.

Maximiliano Susán

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Max Susán played 24 games for the Argentina national team between 1908 and 1913. He scored 9 goals, including 4 in the Copa Lipton match of 1913. 
A one- club man, he represented Club Atlético Estudiantes from 1904 until 1915. In 1909  Susán scored 12 goals in a single game, an 18-0 win over Lomas Athletic. 
This was the amateur era of Argentina football. Susán was actually a university student when he joined Estudiantes - studying to become a veterinary surgeon.