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Channel: Before The 'D'...Association Football around the world, 1863-1937.
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La Máquina Blanca

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Nacional won back to back championships in 1933 & 1934, the team nicknamed La Máquina Blanca.
The 1933 championship concluded (almost) in the notorious  El gol de la valija  incident 
The record of the 2 Championship seasons was:


P

W

D

L

F

A

27

20

6

1

56

10

27

17

7

3

51

17




Américo Szigeti of Hungary became head coach during the 1933 season.
The players who contributed to La Máquina Blanca were:


GK

Eduardo García



FB

José Nasazzi  

Ulises Chifflet

Domingos da Guia (Brazil)

Juan Brito

Juan Ramón Cabrera



HB

Arsenio Fernández

Ricardo Faccio

               Marcelino Pérez

               Michele Andreolo (Italy)

               Fausto dos Santos (Brazil)

               Conduelo Píriz


F             Juan Miguel Labraga
               Aníbal Ciocca
               Rodolpho Barteczko Patesko (Brazil)
               Pedro Cea

               Pedro Petrone

               Zoilo Saldombide

               Santos Urdinarán

               Francisco Arispe

               Pedro Duhart (France)

               Héctor Castro

               Enrique Fernández

               Eduardo Ithurbide






Segar Bastard

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In the 19th century officials (umpires and referees as they were until 1891) were often drawn from among the ranks of the players.
Segar Bastard of Upton Park refereed the 1878 FA Cup Final at the age of 24.
Mr Bastard had the distinction of refereeing an international match before playing in one.

He took charge of the 60 minute match between England and Wales at a snowy Oval in January 1879.
In March 1880 he made his sole internationl appearance as a player, playing wide on the right in a 5-4 defeat in Glasgow.
Two days later he umpired in the Wales v England match at Wrexham.

In 1881 Mr Bastard oversaw Wales' shock 1-0 over England at Blackburn (again in the snow).

In 1882 he acted as Umpire in England's games with Scotland (a 5-1 defeat) and Wales (a 5-3 defeat).

As a player his greatest successes came in 1882-83 & 1883-84, winning the London Senior Cup with Upton Park. 


The club named after a ship...

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Hertha was a steamship that cruised the Havel River. It so impressed young Fritz Lindner that when he formed a football club in 1892 he took not only the name of the ship, but also its blue and white livery. 

Berliner Fußball-Club Hertha 92 was founded on 25.07.92 by Fritz and his brother Max and the Lorenz brothers, Otto and Willi. These were 16-17 year old youths.
In 1900 the club were founder members of the Deutscher Fußball-Bund .

The Wanderers' Last Match

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December 18th, 1883. Kennington Oval. The great Wanderers, the dominant force in early Association football, 5 time FA Cup winners, play their last ever game, the annual match with Harrow School.



Yacopini

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Brothers Bruno and Gino Jacoponi, a goalkeeper and a forward respectively, played for Livorno  in the Prima Categoria final of 1920.


US Livorno 1920.

In 1923 the brothers moved to Chile where they joined Audax Club Sportivo Italiano.
Audax won the Copa Ismael Pereira Íñiguez in 1924.
Gino Jacoponi was still playing for Audax in 1933, the year of the first Chilean national championships. 


Nita Carmona

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Apparently Ana Carmona Ruiz, known as Nita Carmona, played for Sporting Club Malaga in the 1920s in the guise of a man.



A.J Woolley & Co.

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21 rue de la Pépinière, 75008 Paris is still home to a sports shop!

Alcock on Lancashire

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Though the introduction of Association football into Lancashire about the same period as the establishment of the Cup, the first of an innumerable succession of trophies of a similar kind, was a mere coincidence and in no way connected, it is curious, considering the conspicuous part Lancashire clubs have played in the competition of late years, that their origin should have been coeval The paternity of the Association game in Lancashire may be claimed by Mr. J. C. Kay, an old Harrovian, who subsequently made himself a reputation in another branch of sport, as a lawn tennis player of no small ability, as well as manager of perhaps the best organized lawn tennis meeting in the kingdom" that which takes place annually on the ground of the Liverpool Cricket Club. Educated at Harrow, it was only natural that the primitive game in use in Lancashire should have been based very much on the eccentric admixture of different codes to which young Harrow had been used for generation after generation. The introduction of the Association game into Lancashire was, in fact, in a very great measure the work of an old Harrovian, as, some twenty years before, the initiation of the movement which practically led to the revival of football on a proper basis was to a considerable extent the work of a few keen athletes who had graduated at his School. To East Lancashire, in particular, belongs the credit of fostering the game in its infancy, as well as of assisting in the development which has resulted in making Lancashire one of the most powerful influences in Association football Bolton, I believe, was the first place which took at all kindly to the new sport, and, under Mr. Kay's watchful eye, the Harrow game, or perhaps as near a reproduction as could be devised to suit local requirements, for a time supplied all the wants of the lads who were undergoing their novitiate in football. Practice took place in the evenings, and, in fact, the game was of a very primitive kind, followed after the hard work of the day had been completed. It was not long, though, before an attempt was made to evolve something like system out of the rough efforts of these pioneers of Lancashire football. The first result of this organization, I have reason to believe, was the Bolton Wanderers club, which has outlived the many, and some of them excellent, changes through which football has gone during the last quarter of a century, and still remains a power in the land; in fact, one of the most influential combinations of the same kind in the north of England.


C.W Alcock  Football: The Association Game  (1906) 



Bolton Wanderers

C.W Alcock is correct in that it was John Charles Kay, along with his brother, who took the Harrow game to Lancashire, but it was first played at Turton, rather than Bolton.

Mr Alcock  overlooks the 'first wave' of Lancashire clubs (Turton, Darwen) who sowed the seeds that produced illustrious clubs such as Blackburn Rovers (f.1875).
Bolton Wanderers came into being in 1877, evolving from  Christ Church F.C (f.1874).


... a less rough and dangerous game ...

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Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette 19.10.71


John Charles Thring was instrumental in developing two sets of rules during the pre-history of football.
 The Cambridge Rules of 1848 were an attempt at a compromise / unified code based on the games played at Eton, Harrow, Rugby, Winchester, and Thring's old school, Shrewsbury.
In 1862 Thring was a master at Uppingham School when he developed 'The Simplest Game' (also known as  'The Uppingham Rules').
These rules had some influence on the Football Association when they began formulating the Laws of the Game in 1863.
Of course, whilst giving us the greatest and most popular game in the world, the Football Association ultimately failed in their goal of unifying football.
Debates as to the relative merits, safety and propriety of football and Rugby feature widely in newspaper correspondence in the 19th century.
Thring's appeal here went unheeded, and the west of England became something of a Rugby stronghold. 


The Sixty Minute International Match

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Played at The Oval, 18.01.79.
England 2 Wales 1


England

Wales

Rupert Anderson

Old Etonians

George Glascodine

Wrexham

Lindsay Bury

Cambridge University

Llewelyn Kenrick

Oswestry

Claud Wilson

Oxford University

G.G Higham

Oswestry

Norman Bailey

Clapham Rovers

William Williams

Druids

W.E Clegg

Sheffield Albion

Thomas Owen

Oswestry

Edward Parry

Old Carthusians

William Henry Davies

Oswestry

Heathcote Sorby

Thursday Wanderers

William Shone

Oswestry

Arthur Cursham

Notts County

Dennis Heywood

Druids

Henry Wace

Wanderers

John Price

Wrexham

Herbert Whitfield

Old Etonians

Digby Owen

Oswestry

Billy Mosforth

Sheffield Albion

William Roberts

Llangollen



After playing Scotland 3 times (3 defeats and 15 unanswered goals), Wales were offered a match against England at The Oval in January 1879.
The weather was appalling but Wales , after so much anticipation, were particularly keen for the game to go ahead, There were no more than 300 spectators present (maybe as few as 85).
A thick layer of snow covered the ground and it was agreed to play a truncated match of 30 minutes each way.

This gave rise to 3 players having England careers that lasted just one hour despite not being injured or substituted. Neither of England's debutant scorers (Whitfield and Sorby) was selected again, and it is worth noting that 19 year old Rupert Anderson was a forward who went in goal when Remnant FC's Rev. W. Blackmore  failed  to turn up (on the only occasion he was selected for England).
Contrary to some speculative sources Thomas Owen of Oswestry was almost certainly not the father of the poet Wilfred Owen. Wilfred Owen's father was born in Nantwich (England) on 31st  May 1862.

Wednesday v Middlesbrough

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A lovely old programme from 1902.
Hogg played in place of Blacketh.
Featured in the Wednesday line up were 2 beautifully named players, Ambrose Langley and Herod Ruddlesdin.
Wednesday won 2-0, Davis and Wilson the scorers.
Attendance at Owlerton was 20,000.

Leagues

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Nottingham Evening Post 24.09.89

In the same way in which the FA Cup spawned many imitators, the foundation of the Football League gave rise to the establishment of any number of similar organizations. 
As the above cutting shows, these developments didn't take long to trickle down to 'grass roots' level. 

Lithuania

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The Lithuanian team that was defeated 3-2 by Latvia at Kaunas on 21st August 1926.



Celtic v English Clubs in the 19th Century

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Image result for celtic fc 1889




1888-89

1888 was Celtic’s foundation year- they played their first match in May. They reached the final of the Scottish Cup in the 1888-89 season.


31.12.88

Celtic                    

7

1

Mitchell St George's

03.01.89

Celtic

6

2

Corinthians

16.02.89

Corinthians

3

1

Celtic

23.03.89

Newcastle West End

3

4

Celtic

19.04.89 

Bolton Wanderers

2

0

Celtic

20.04.89

Burnley                

1

3

Celtic

23.05.89 

Celtic

5

1

Bolton Wanderers            

25.05.89 

Celtic

2

1

Preston North End     


1889-90

During this season Celtic lost to Queen’s Park in the first round of the Cup.


21.09.89 

Sunderland            

0

1

Celtic

28.09. 89

Celtic

3

2

Sunderland

03.10.89

Celtic

1

0

Blackburn Rovers

12.10.89 

Celtic             

0

2

Everton   

21.12.89

Sunderland        

1

2

Celtic

01.01.90

Celtic

3

2

Everton

22.02.90

St George’s  

5

2

Celtic

04.04.90 

Bolton Wanderers

4

0

Celtic

05.04.90 

Everton

3

1

Celtic

07.04.90

Blackburn Rovers

1

1

Celtic

12.04.90 

Celtic                    

1

1

Notts County                

10.05.90 

Celtic

2

2

Bolton Wanderers            

17.05.90

Celtic

4

2

Wolverhampton Wanderers

22.05.90 

Celtic

1

0

Preston North End           


1890-91

The inaugural season of league football in Scotland saw Celtic finish behind Dumbarton and Rangers. They reached the last 8 in the Cup.


02.10.90

Celtic

2

2

Sunderland

27.03.91 

Bolton Wanderers

2

2

Celtic

28.03.91 

Ardwick

2

7

Celtic

30.03.91

Blackburn Rovers

0

2

Celtic

31.03.91 

Wednesday

1

3

Celtic

13.04.91

Celtic

5

5

Blackburn Rovers

18.04.91 

Celtic

2

0

Bolton Wanderers           

21.04.91 

Celtic

4

0

Preston North End           


1891-92

Celtic finished runners-up in the League and won the Scottish Cup.


01.10.91

Celtic

3

2

Blackburn Rovers

04.04.92

Celtic

4

1

Nottingham Forest  


1892-93                                               

Celtic were League champions and lost in the Cup Final.


01.09.92 

Sheffield United

1

0

Celtic

02.09.92 

Middlesbrough

0

2

Celtic

03.09.92 

Newcastle East End

0

1

Celtic

05.09.92 

Sunderland

1

0

Celtic

06.10.92

Celtic

0

3

Sunderland

07.11.92

Stoke

0

5

Celtic

26.12.92 

Ardwick

0

5

Celtic

31.12.92 

Ardwick

0

1

Celtic

03.01.93

Celtic

1

1

Notts County                

01.04.93

Celtic

3

0

London Caledonian

15.04.93

Celtic

2

2

Blackburn Rovers

18.04.93

Celtic

1

2

Everton

23.04.93

Celtic

2

0

Everton


1893-94

Celtic were League champions and were beaten by Rangers in the Cup Final.


28.09.93

Celtic

3

2

Sunderland

21.10.93

Celtic

3

1

Preston North End

02.01.94

Celtic

0

4

Everton

31.03.94

Celtic

1

3

Sunderland

07.04.94

Celtic

2

1

London Caledonians

09.04.94

Celtic

2

3

 Aston Villa

10.04.94

Celtic

2

3

Bury

11.04.94

Blackburn Rovers

0

0

Celtic

21.04.94

Celtic

2

1

Aston Villa

28.04.94

Celtic

4

1

Everton


1894-95

Reached the last 8 of the Cup, runners up in the League.


27.09.94

Celtic

2

3

Sunderland

01.12.94

Manchester City

0

0

Celtic

26.12.94

Celtic

0

3

Everton

31.12.94

Celtic

0

2

Burnley

02.01.95

Celtic

4

1

Everton

15.04.95

Celtic

1

3

Blackburn Rovers


1895-96

Knocked out in the 1st round of the Cup, Celtic were League champions.


02.09.95

Manchester City

3

0

Celtic

03.09.95

Liverpool

2

0

Celtic

04.09.95

Newcastle United

3

0

Celtic

21.09.95

Preston North End

3

2

Celtic

26.09.95

Celtic

1

1

Sunderland

30.09.95

Celtic

2

3

Sunderland

14.10.95

Sheffield United

0

1

Celtic

25.12.95

Bury

2

2

Celtic

26.12.95

Everton

3

2

Celtic

08.02.96

Celtic

4

1

Bolton Wanderers

13.04.96

Celtic

3

2

Sunderland *


Some sources have a 2-2 draw with Sheffield United on this date- which is an error.


20.04.96

Celtic

3

2

Aston Villa

22.04.96

Celtic

2

1

Everton

27.04.96

Celtic

1

0

Derby County   

28.04.96

Celtic

2

1

Burnley


1896-97

Knocked out in the 1st round of the Cup again, Celtic finished 4th in the League.


28.09.96

Celtic

2

3

Sunderland

25.12.96

Celtic
1

6

Everton

06.02.97

Celtic

2

4

Sunderland

13.02.97

Corinthians

4

0

Celtic

15.02.97

Woolwich Arsenal

4

5

Celtic


1897-98

Celtic were League champions but went out of the Cup in the 2nd round.


26.12.97

Celtic

1

0

Sunderland

12.03.98

Sheffield United

1

0

Celtic

28.03.98

Celtic

1

3

Blackburn Rovers

16.04.98

Celtic

1

1

Sheffield United


1898-99

Celtic won the Scottish Cup and finished 3rd in the League.


10.04.99

Celtic

0

2

Wigan County

15.04.99

Celtic

2

0

Liverpool


1899-1900

Celtic won the Scottish Cup for the 3rd time and were runners up in the League.


23.12.99

Celtic 

2

3

Blackburn Rovers


1900

Celtic were runners up in both League and Cup.


03.09.00

Aston Villa

2

1

Celtic

20.10.00

Celtic

2

0

Everton

21.12.00

Aston Villa

3

1

Celtic

25.12.00

Celtic

1

2

Blackburn Rovers


Key to opponent’s status:

Division One

Division Two

Minor Leagues
Non League 


Overall:

W

D

L

F

A

92

44

13

35

175

159


Home:

P

W

D

L

F

A

57

30

8

19

124

100


Away:

P

W

D

L

F

A

35

14

5

16

51

59


v First Division opposition:

P

W

D

L

F

A

67

28

12

27

119

117


v Corinth:


P

W

D

L

F

A

3

1

0

2

7

9




Celtic's first meeting with an English side was a benefit match for East End Poor Children's Dinner against the Birmingham club Mitchell St George's.
Celtic had only been in existence for 7 months when they attracted a crowd of 20,000 for a match against Corinthian FC that raised  £400  for charity. 





Texas

Pepe Soares

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José Manuel Soares, known as Pepe was an inside forward who played 14 times for Portugal (including 2 as a substitute), scoring 7 goals. He made 3 appearances at the 1928 Olympics.
Pepe's debut for his club Belenenses (against Benfica on 28th February,1926)  was the stuff of legend. Pepe came on in the 75th minute with Benfica leading 4-1. In the next 13 minutes, Belenenses scored three goals. When Belenenses were awarded a 90th minute penalty Pepe was ordered to take it as there were no volunteers. He scored to make it 5-4. 
Pepe made his international debut at the age of 19 (16.03.27).
He died of food poisoning at the age of 23.



England, 1876

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We are used now to hyperbole in the media. Victorian journalism was more restrained. 
Here's how The Athletic News introduced the England team who faced Scotland on 5th March 1876:


The following constitute the English team:

A.H Savage, Crystal Palace (goal): He is a very good goal keeper and a powerful kick.
* A H Stratford, Wanderers (back): Can play forward or back, plays well as a full back, being a good and strong tackler.
E. Field, Clapham Rovers (back): A first rate back.
E.H Bambridge, Swifts (half back): Is a very useful forward as well, especially at the wings, keeps the ball when he gets possession of it, and is happy as a goal keeper.
B.G Jarrett, Cambridge University (half back): A real good player, and has shown good form this year.
Hubert Heron, Wanderers: As a wing player is very useful, and at times brilliant, is fast aside, dribbles skilfully, used to be a little selfish in his style of play, but of late very much improved in this respect; played in the International matches, 1873, 1874 and 1875.
W.J Maynard, Fist Surrey Rifles (new man): Very powerful and strong forward.
C.E Smith, Crystal Palace: One of the best players in his team.
A.W Cursham, Nottingham: One of the best of the Northern players- a very fast and energetic forward. 
F.Heron,Wanderers: Dribbles well, but is rather too light.
W.S Buchanan, Clapham Rovers: A good dribbler, the best of his team.
H. Heron captains the team for England.

*Stratford did not play; his place was taken by F.T Green (Wanderers)

 





Hubert Heron



Scotland won 3-0. It was a case of a heavier, dribbling team being outdone by combination. 


José Laguna

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Image result 



José Durand Laguna, known as 'El Negro', was a prolific forward for Huracán. 
He represented Argentina 4 times, scoring 3 goals.
His debut came in unusual circumstances. At the 1916 South American Championship of Nations Laguna went to watch the Argentina vs Brazil game at Gimnasia y Esgrima in Buenos Aires (10.07.16).
Alberto Ohaco was unable to play and Laguna was called from the stand to fill the vacancy. 
He gave Argentina the lead in the 10th minute. The game finished 1-1.
Laguna later moved to Paraguay where he played for Olimpia. He also managed the Paraguay national side at 2 South American Championships and the 1930 World Cup.



Southampton & Sheffield United, 1902

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April 19th, 1902.
Sheffield United were to face Southampton at Crystal  Palace and The Sporting Life was jam packed with statistics on the Cup Final teams.


Age

Weight

Height

Foulke

25

21 st

133 kg

6 ft 2 1/2

1.89

Thickett

28

14 st 7

91 kg

5 ft 8 1/2

1.74

Boyle

25

12 st 7

79 kg

5 ft  9

1.75

Johnson

24

12 st  5

78 kg

5 ft  9

1.75

Wilkinson

22

10 st 9

67 kg

5 ft 5 1/2

1.66

Needham

29

11 st 3

71 kg

5 ft  6

1.67

Bennett

28

13 st 3

84 kg

5 ft  7 1/2

1.71

Common

21

13 st

82 kg

5 ft 9

1.75

Hedley

24

12 st 5

78 kg

5 ft 11

1.80

Priest

27

12 st 12

81 kg

5 ft  8

1.72

Lipsham

24

11 st 5

72 kg

5 ft  9

1.75





Age

Weight

Height

Robinson

32

13 st 7

85 kg

5 ft 11

1.80

Fry

20

13 st

82 kg

5 ft 10

1.77

Molyneux

23

11 st 13

75 kg

5 ft 10 1/2

1.79

Meston

31

11 st 11

74 kg

5 ft 9

1.75

Bowman

30

11 st

69 kg

5 ft 7

1.70

Lee

23

13 st

82 kg

6 ft

1.82

A Turner

25

11 st 11

74 kg

5 ft 9

1.75

Wood

34

13 st 1

83 kg

5 ft 10

1.77

Brown

23

11 st 8

73 kg

5 ft 11

1.80

Chadwick

32

10 st 11

68 kg

5 ft 6

1.67

J Turner

29

11 st 5

72 kg

5 ft 7

1.70


The game finished 1-1, Harry 'The Wolf' Wood (playing in his 5th Cup Final) scoring a controversial equalizer for Southampton in the 88th minute. Wood was in an offside position when the ball came to him, reportedly tying his bootlace. The referee, Mr Kirkham, adjudged that the ball had come off a United player. Then followed the  legendary incident in which a naked Foulke berated Mr Kirkham who had to hide in a cupboard to escape the goalkeeper's attentions.


Llandrindod Wells

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The increasing popularity of Association football was reflected in the development of grass roots clubs throughout the United Kingdom.
Here we see a team from Llandrindod Wells, Radnorshire, from the 1883-84 season.
The jerseys are quite diverse.
The Spamen currently play in the Mid Wales South Football League, the 5th level of the Welsh pyramid.